Cookery Blog

Hello, my name is Michele and I am one of the garden tutors for Food4Families. As well as growing fruit and vegetables at our community gardens we also run cookery courses to show you how to use those wonderful fruit and veggies that you have grown. Along with some useful store cupboard ingredients you can cook some simple but delicious meals!

Pizza

Recipes

Potato and green bean salad

Thoughts from a gardener / cook

Hello, my name is Michele and I am one of the garden tutors for Food4Families.

As well as growing fruit and vegetables at our community gardens we also run cookery courses to show you how to use those wonderful fruit and veggies that you have grown.  Along with some useful store cupboard ingredients you can cook some simple but delicious meals!

Minestrone ingredients

The vegetables we use will be the sorts of things you can grow in a small space at home. Another garden tutor, Naomi, will be showing you what you can grow right now on her Facebook page Tiny Veg Patch - see the link on the Food4Families Tiny Veg Patch page.

As we are unable to run the cookery courses right now I am going to share some of the recipes we use and how to cook them here along with some tips which I hope you will find useful. The recipes are vegetarian which you can have on their own or have with meat if you prefer.

I hope you find the ideas here useful. If you have made any of the recipes so far I'd love to see pictures, please send them to sharon@risc.org.uk

Before cooking always make sure you tie long hair back and wash your hands.

Davy's Apple and Pear Crumble

Apples and pears are in abundance right now so here's a simple way to use them. Davy of Wolseley Street Bakery kindly shared his recipe and made a video of how he makes this British classic.

Ingredients for the fruit layer

  • 2 kg apples and pears, peeled and roughly chopped
  • ½ tsp cinnamon
  • ¼ tsp nutmeg
  • ¼ tsp allspice
  • 1 tsp vanilla extract

Method

  1. Add the fruit to a large saucepan
  2. Gently stir in the spices
  3. Cook until the fruit is tender

Ingredients for the crumble

  • 150g flour
  • 100g sugar
  • 100g butter

Method 

  1. In a large bowl rub the butter into the flour and sugar
  2. Spread the mixture onto a baking tray and bake in the oven for 25-30 minutes at 170 degrees C until golden brown
  3. As the crumble cooks, stir it from time to time to break it up
  4. If the cooked crumble is in very large lumps, when cool you might want to put it into a blender and whizz into smaller crumbs
  5. Transfer the cooked fruit into a large ovenproof dish and sprinkle the crumble over the top.

The crumble can be prepared the day before, assembled and kept in the fridge until needed. When you are ready to eat it heat the crumble in the oven until piping hot in the middle.

10-minute Couscous Salad

This is a really quick dish to make and you can add whatever vegetables you have handy. Couscous is a type of pasta. It is cheap to buy and lasts in your store cupboard so worth keeping some in the cupboard so you can make a quick and tasty lunch or side dish.

Ingredients for the 10-minute couscous salad

Ingredients

  • 100g couscous
  • 200 ml stock
  • 1 red pepper, diced
  • 2 spring onions, sliced or a diced red onion
  • half a cucumber, diced
  • handful of cherry tomatoes, halved
  • 2 tablespoons of pesto
  • 50g feta cheese
  • Handful of salad leaves - I used rocket and lettuce from the garden

Couscous salad

Method

  1. Tip the couscous into a large bowl and pour over the stock.
  2. Cover, then leave for 10 minutes until fluffy and all the stock has been absorbed.
  3. Meanwhile, slice the onions and pepper, and dice the cucumber.
  4. Add these to the couscous, fork through the pesto, then crumble in the feta.

Kale Pesto

Pasta with kale pestoThis is a very simple sauce to go with pasta. A pesto is traditionally made with basil but here we are using cavolo nero that I have grown in the garden - it's a kale with a bubbly leaf but any kind of kale is fine - you often see curly kale or red kale in the supermarket.

A pesto also usually contains pine nuts but pine nuts are very expensive (about £33 per kg!) so I use sunflower seeds which are much cheaper and very good for you. You can also use unroasted and unsalted cashew nuts, walnuts, whatever you have available instead of the seeds.

A traditional pesto would also have cheese but I use a dairy free single cream although you can use a normal single cream if you prefer.

You can also make the pesto with other herbs and green leaves - I have seen recipes that pair coriander with pistachios but you can also use parsley, rocket, watercress so it is possible to swap out the ingredients to use whatever you have.Ingredients for kale pesto

Ingredients

  • 100g kale, roughly chopped
  • 1 clove of garlic, crushed
  • handful of nuts or sunflower seeds
  • 3 tablespoons of single cream
  • olive oil
  • salt and pepper
  • Pasta shapes of your choice - I used wholewheat fusilli

Method

Kale pesto

  1. In a large frying pan, add a tablespoon of olive oil. Gently sautee the garlic until lightly browned.
  2. Add the kale, stir and then cover with a lid for about 3 minutes or until the kale has wilted.
  3. Meanwhile, in a food processor or with a stick blender whizz up the seeds.
  4. Add the cream and whizz briefly
  5. Add the kale and garlic and whizz until you have a smooth paste You may need to add a little olive oil to loosen the mix
  6. Season with a little salt and pepper
  7. Cook the pasta in boiling water
  8. When cooked, drain but do not shake all the water off
  9. Add the pasta back into the pan and stir through the pesto sauce

Serve immediately

You can make the sauce ahead of time - store in the fridge for a couple of days until you are ready to use it.

The sauce can also be spooned on to thick soups, added to sandwiches, spread on crusty bread, fillets of fish or chicken before grilling, or added to mayonnaise and salad dressings.

Beetroots

Chocolate and Beetroot Muffins

Chocolate and beetroot go together surprisingly well. Adding beetroot to the mix makes the muffins lovely and moist.

The beetroot I used for this cake was harvested from Lavender Place, one of the Food4Families community gardens. You can find out more about the garden

I cooked the beetroot by boiling them in a pan of water for about 40 minutes. To test they are cooked, poke them with a sharp knife. If they are not tender, cook for a little longer and test again.Beetroot leaves

There were lots of lovely green leaves on the beetroot which I saved and cooked in another recipe. The leaves can be used exactly like spinach so you get two uses from one vegetable!

Ingredients

Makes 12 muffins

Beetroot ingredients

  • 250g cooked beetroot
  • 3 eggs
  • 150ml vegetable oil
  • 50ml milk
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract
  • 175g caster sugar
  • 180g plain flour
  • 75g cocoa powder
  • 2 teaspoon baking powder

Method

  1. Preheat the oven to 180c (170 fan), gas mark 4
  2. Grate the beetroot using the coarse side of an ordinary grater into a bowl
  3. Mix the flour, cocoa powder, sugar and baking powder in a large bowl
  4. Add the eggs, one at a time, to the grated beetroot and mix well.
  5. Add the oil, milk and vanilla extract and mix the whole lot together.
  6. Add the wet mix into the dry mix and and lightly stir - lumps don't matter with muffins!
  7. Fill 12 muffin cases about 3/4 full with the mixture and bake for about 20-25 minutes until firm to the touch.
  8. Leave to cool on a wire tray (I use my grill pan as a cooling rack).

Chocolate and Beetroot muffins

Ratatouille

A classic French dish, making the most of fresh summer vegetables.

Typically the vegetables would be sauteed first in a pan, then added to an ovenproof dish and roasted in the oven. This recipe takes a shortcut by simply roasting all the vegetables together. Tastes even better the next day!

Ratatouille ingredientsServes 4

Ingredients

  • 2 large courgettes, sliced into 1 cm rounds
  • 2 red/yellow/orange peppers, sliced into 1 cm pieces
  • 1 large aubergine, sliced into 1 cm cubes
  • 1 red onion, roughly chopped
  • 500g fresh tomatoes if you have them or 400g tin of chopped tomatoes
  • 2 cloves of garlic, crushed
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • salt & pepper
  • handful fresh basil, roughly torn (I used a purple variety)
  • 75g breadcrumbs
  • 75g - 100g cheese (I used 150g French goats cheese, cut into cubes)

Tip: I chop up the aubergine last, just before I am ready to cook as it goes brown very quickly. If it does go brown it won't affect the taste, it just doesn't look very nice.Ratatouille

Method

  1. Preheat the oven to 180 degrees C
  2. Line a roasting tin with greaseproof paper (makes cleaning the tin much easier!)
  3. Mix all of the chopped vegetables in the roasting tin with the olive oil.
  4. Season generously.
  5. Roast in the oven for 30 minutes.
  6. Remove the tin from the oven and stir the vegetables.
  7. Sprinkle the breadcrumbs, cheese and basil over the top.
  8. Increase the heat of the oven to 200 degrees C
  9. Return the tin to the oven and roast for a further 15 minutes.
  10. Remove and leave to stand for 10 minutes before serving with chunks of crusty bread.

Aubergine and Chickpeas

This is a Mediterranean style of creating a seasonal vegetable dish with flavours and input from various countries. 

Aubergine and Chickpeas

Ingredients

  • 2 or 3 ripe aubergines (a thumbprint pressed on the skin indicates this)
  • Salt
  • Extra virgin olive oil
  • 1 large yellow onion (finely chopped)
  • 1 green pepper (sliced and diced)
  • 1 or 2 carrots (diced)
  • 4 or 5 garlic cloves (crushed) 
  • 2 bay leaves
  • Paprika to taste
  • 1 tsp coriander
  • 1 tsp oregano 
  • ¾ tsp cinnamon
  • ½ tsp turmeric
  • ½ tsp black pepper
  • 1 tin of chopped tomatoes 
  • 1 or 2 tins of chickpeas (keeping the liquid)
  • Parsley, mint and coriander leaves for garnish
  • 1 tub of Greek yogurt 

Method 

  1. Top, tail slice and dice the aubergines into cubes and smother them with salt. Leave them to "sweat out" the bitterness for about an hour. Then rinse under cold water and pat it all dry. 
  2. Turn on your oven to about 180 Degrees Centigrade. 
  3. In a oven proof pan heat the olive oil then add the carrots and pepper along with the onion, give it all a good stir for a few minutes. 
  4. Add the garlic, bay leaves, spices and some salt, stir it all in. 
  5. Now add the aubergines, tomatoes and chickpeas (along with some canned liquid), bring to the boil and stir for 10 minutes. 
  6. Cover the pan and transfer to the oven for 45 minutes, checking occasionally to make sure it does not dry out. 
  7. Remove from the oven and add some olive oil, garnish with the herbs and serve with dollops of Greek yogurt and pita bread. 

A variation, as shown in the photo, is the addition of a bed of rice and sweetcorn added before the oven bake. 

Russian Salad

This is an easy and filling salad that uses vegetables that are readily available at this time of year. You can add or swap vegetables depending on what you have to hand. The recipe is often made with beetroot or turnip.Ingredients for Russian salad

Ingredients

  • 400g new potatoes
  • 150g French beans, cut into about 3cm lengths
  • 100g carrot, (about 1 medium) chopped into 1 cm cubes
  • 75g frozen peas
  • 2 large gherkins, chopped into 1 cm cubes
  • 2 tbspn vinegar from the gherkins
  • 2 large eggs
  • 2-3 tbspn mayonnaise
  • Handful of dill or chives if you have either available

Method

Russian salad

  1. Scrub the potatoes (don't peel them) and chop into bite-sized pieces.
  2. Scrub the carrot and cut into 1 cm sized pieces.
  3. Put the potatoes and carrots in a large saucepan, cover with cold water and bring to the boil. Simmer for 8 minutes and then add the beans to the pan for 4 minutes.
  4. Check the potatoes and carrots are tender.
  5. Drain, tip into a bowl and leave to cool.
  6. Boil the eggs for about 7 minutes. When cooked, crack the shells and leave to cool in cold water.
  7. Put the peas in a colander and pour a kettle of boiling water over them.
  8. Add the drained peas to the potatoes, carrots and beans.
  9. Add the chopped gherkins.
  10. Combine the vinegar from the gherkins with the mayonnaise and stir until well combined.
  11. Gently stir through the vegetables to coat them.
  12. Add the herbs and gently stir through.

Serve with the hard boiled eggs.

This salad is delicious as soon as it's made but is even better after a few hours in the fridge so worth making enough for a couple of days.

Beans

French beansI've got too many beans!

French beans and runner beans are both very easy to grow and are in abundance now. If you have too many to cope with, they freeze well. Here are some tips and suggestions:

Freezing French beans

These beans are usually about 10-15 cm long, with a round shape like a pencil. They need very little preparation - just wash and slice the end off of each bean. Cut into 3 cm lengths.Chopped French beans

  1. Bring a large saucepan of water to the boil on a high heat so the water is boiling vigorously. Drop the beans into the water and cover with a lid.
  2. Set a timer for 2 minutes.
  3. When the timer goes off, remove the beans from the heat, drain them and drop into a bowl of cold water. The idea is to stop them cooking any further so get them cool as soon as possible. You may need to change the water to get them cold.
  4. Once cold, bag up, label them, including the date and put into the top drawer of your freezer (this is often the coldest part of the freezer so the beans will freeze more quickly).

Use within 6 months.

To re-heat the beans, drop them into a pan of boiling water and cook for 2 minutes as they are already part-cooked.

Runner beans in tomato sauce

Runner beansThese can be 10-20 cm long, with a flatter shape and a rough surface.

These can be frozen in the same way as french beans but I find they can be a bit tough after freezing. Instead, I cook them up in a tomato sauce and then freeze them. The beans can then be re-heated and served with rice for a very easy meal.

You can use french beans in the same way.

To prepare the beans, wash and slice the end off of each bean. Take a potato peeler and peel along each edge of the bean as the edges can be quite tough. Slice the beans on the diagonal so they are about 1 cm long.Chopped runner beans

Ingredients for the tomato sauce

  • 1 tbspn olive oil
  • 400g tin of chopped tomatoes
  • 1 onion, finely chopped
  • 1 large garlic clove, finely chopped
  • Handful of basil and/or parsley if you have it
  • Salt & pepper

Method

  1. Heat the olive oil in a large frying pan over a medium-low heat.
  2. Add the onion and saute gently until soft, about 10 minutes.
  3. Add the garlic and continue cooking for another minute.
  4. Stir in the beans and the tomatoes, season with salt and pepper and simmer over a medium heat for 10-15 minutes.
  5. Add the herbs and simmer for a further 5 minutes, until the sauce has thickened and the beans are tender.

Beans in tomato sauceIf freezing, cool down quickly in cold water. Once cold, put into a suitable container, label and freeze.

To re-heat from frozen, take out of the freezer on the morning you want to use the beans and leave to defrost in the fridge. Alternatively, defrost in the microwave gently to avoid overcooking the beans.

Serve hot with rice, or warm or cold as a side dish.

Potato and Green Bean Salad

Potatoes from compost bagPotato plant growing in compost bagThis is a delicious and substantial salad that makes the most of vegetables that you can easily grow at home and are ready about this time of year.

I have made this with potatoes and beans from my garden. Here are the potatoes I grew in an old compost bag.

Even if you don't have a lot of space, potatoes grow well in bags and the beans will grow up canes in a large pot and look decorative too!

Ingredients

Potato and green bean salad ingredients

  • 500g new potatoes
  • 200g French beans, cut into about 3cm lengths
  • 4 large eggs
  • Handful of Little Gem or other crisp lettuce leaves
  • Handful of black olives
  • About 12 large basil leaves, torn

For the dressing:

  • 1/2 small garlic clove, crushed
  • 3 tbspn olive oil
  • 1 tbspn cider vinegar
  • 1 tsp Dijon mustard
  • A pinch of sugar

Method

Potato and green bean salad served with crusty bread

  1. Scrub the potatoes (don't peel them) and chop into bite-sized pieces.
  2. Put in a large saucepan, cover with cold water and bring to the boil. Simmer for 8 minutes and then add the beans to the pan for 4 minutes.
  3. Check the potatoes and beans are tender.
  4. Drain, tip into a bowl and leave to cool.
  5. Boil the eggs for about 7 minutes. When cooked, crack the shells and leave to cool in cold water.
  6. When cool, peel and cut into quarters.
  7. To make the dressing, put all the ingredients into a screw-topped jar and shake until combined.
  8. Pour some of the dressing over the potatoes and beans and toss gently together.
  9. Add the lettuce leaves, basil and olives and gently mix together.
  10. Add the eggs on top of the salad and drizzle the rest of the dressing over.

Serve with crusty bread.

Courgette Cake

Courgettes are now in full swing. Don’t be put off by using courgettes in a cake! Using them makes the cake lovely and moist.

When making cakes it's a good idea to weigh the ingredients fairly accurately to make sure your cakes turn out the same each time.

Ingredients

Ingredients for Courgette CakeMakes 8 muffins or 1 loaf cake

  • 250g courgettes (2 small or 1 large)
  • 2 eggs
  • 125ml vegetable oil
  • 150g caster sugar
  • 225g self-raising flour
  • 50g sultanas or walnuts, roughly chopped
  • ½ teaspoon bicarbonate of soda
  • ½ teaspoon baking powder

For the icing:

  • 50g icing sugar
  • Juice of ½ lemon

Method

  1. Preheat the oven to 180c (170 fan), gas mark 4
  2. Wash and grate the courgettes using the coarse side of an ordinary grater. I grate them onto a clean tea towel and squeeze most of the water out of them but you don't need to do this although you will end up with a more moist cake.
  3. Weigh the flour, bicarb and baking powder into a bowl
  4. Put the eggs, oil and sugar into another bowl and beat until creamy.
  5. Add the flour mixture into the egg and oil mix and beat until well combined.
  6. Stir in the grated courgette and sultanas/walnuts if using.
  7. Fill 8 - 10 muffin cases about 3/4 full with the mixture and bake for about 20 minutes until slightly browned and firm to the touch.
  8. Mix the icing sugar and lemon and when the muffins are cool drizzle on the top.

Iced courgette muffinsThis can also be made as a cake - pour the mixture into a loaf tin lined with greaseproof paper and once cooked cut in half and put lemon curd in the middle.

It can also be made with other ingredients eg blackberry and apple, carrot and sultanas, banana. Just use the same weight of veg/fruit as stated in the recipe.

Mushroom and Halloumi Burgers

These burgers are so easy to make. They are more expensive than some veggie burgers but they are filling. Mushrooms are available all year round.

Ingredients

Ingredients for Mushroom and Halloumi BurgersMakes 2 burgers

  • 1 tbspn olive oil 10p
  • 4 large flat mushrooms, wiped clean £1.00
  • 1 clove of garlic, finely chopped 7p
  • 4 slices Halloumi cheese £1.15
  • Salt and pepper to taste
  • Burger buns (I used wholemeal rolls) 36p

Approx £2.68 / £1.34p per burger

Method

Mushroom and Halloumi Burgers with coleslaw

  1. Pre-heat the grill
  2. Place the mushroom stalk side up on the grill pan
  3. Drizzle a little olive on each one
  4. Sprinkle the garlic over each mushroom
  5. Season with salt and pepper
  6. Grill for 7 minutes
  7. Add the slices of halloumi to the grill pan
  8. Turn the cheese after 2 minutes
  9. Add the burger buns/rolls and lightly toast for 1 minute each side

Serve the burgers with a fresh green salad and homemade coleslaw.

Courgette Bean Burgers

Courgette plant

Summer is definitely here! I can tell as my courgette plants are starting to produce more courgettes than I can cope with! Courgette plants are really easy to grow and you can get very compact ones that will grow in a pot if you don't have a lot of space. They will quite happily produce courgettes from now until the autumn plus they have beautiful flowers which can also be eaten.

Here's another flexible recipe that makes use of courgettes.

Ingredients

Ingredients for courgette bean burgersMakes 8 burgers

  • 1 can kidney beans or chickpeas or cannellini beans 55p
  • 1 red onion, diced 10p
  • 2 cloves of garlic, finely chopped 7p
  • 4 fresh tomatoes, roughly chopped 50p
  • 1 red pepper, finely diced 45p
  • 1 courgette, grated 20p
  • 3 slices of bread, grated into crumbs 30p
  • 1 tsp chilli power / paprika / curry powder 5p
  • 1 tbspn olive oil 10p
  • Salt and pepper to taste

Courgette bean burgers ready to cookApprox £2.32 / 29p per burger

Method

  1. Pre-heat the oven to 200 degrees C
  2. Heat the olive oil in a large saucepan, gently fry the onion for 5 minutes.
  3. Add the garlic and continue frying for 2 minutes.
  4. Add the red pepper for another minute, then the grated courgette.
  5. Add the spices, mix well and cook for another minute.
  6. Remove the pan from the heat.
  7. Puree the beans in a blender.
  8. Add the beans to mix, season with salt and pepper, and add the breadcrumbs in a little at a time until the mixture is holding together like a dough.
  9. Use your hands to make 8 equal sized burgers. If the mix gets really stuck to your hands then add more breadcrumbs.Place the burgers on a baking tray lined with baking paper to prevent sticking.
  10. Bake in the oven for 15 minutes per side.

Courgette Bean Burgers

Serve the burgers in a roll with a fresh green salad and homemade coleslaw.

Variations: You could also use grated carrot, pureed broad beans, chopped mushrooms, peas, spring onions or sweetcorn.

 

Blueberry Pancakes

BlueberriesIf you are short on growing space and would like to grow an edible plant in a pot I would recommend having a blueberry plant. They have pretty flowers, tasty fruit and then the leaves turn a brilliant red in the autumn. They don't like normal garden soil as they prefer a more acid soil but this is readily available in all garden centres.

British blueberries are starting to become available in the shops now and my plants at home are starting to produce fruit. There's nothing quite like picking blueberries straight from the plant and having them with yoghurt or on your cereal, or even better, in pancakes!

Blueberry pancake ingredientsTip: I use an old frying pan for this - the juice from the cooking blueberries can be difficult to remove!

Ingredients

Serves 4

  • 50g porridge oats 6p
  • 250 ml milk 12p
  • 175g self raising flour 18p
  • 1 tsp baking powder 5p
  • 2 eggs 40p
  • 150g blueberries £1.50
  • a little vegetable oil honey or maple syrup

Total £2.31 / 57p per portion Blueberry pancakes cokking

Method

  1. Soak the oats in a little of the milk for a few minutes.
  2. In a bowl mix together the flour and baking power.
  3. In a jug beat together the eggs and the remaining milk.
  4. Pour the egg and milk mixture into the flour and stir until smooth.
  5. Stir in the oat mixture and the blueberries.
  6. Add a teaspoon of vegetable oil in large non-stick frying pan on a medium to high heat. Before it gets too hot, wipe the oil around the pan with a piece of kitchen paper so there is just a thin layer of oil.
  7. When the pan is hot, drop small spoonfuls of the batter mix into the pan and cook for about 3 minutes per side until risen and golden brown.

Blueberry pancakesYou may need to wipe the pan with a little more oil between batches to prevent the pancakes sticking.

Serve warm with more fresh blueberries on the side and a tiny drizzle of honey or maple syrup.

If you have any left over, once cooled, store in an air tight container. They re-heat well in a toaster.

Black Bean Chilli

This is another easy recipe that makes use of those vegetables lying in the bottom of the fridge! I sometimes add sweetcorn if I have any in the freezer. The spices and the black beans give the dish a rich flavour and you can make it as hot and spicy as you like.

The black beans are the protein part of the dish and at 75p for a carton, considerably cheaper than meat. The total cost of this chilli works out at around 80p per portion.Chilli ingredients

Ingredients

  • 1 tablespoon olive oil 10p
  • 1 onion 10p
  • 1 heaped teaspoon ground cumin 10p
  • pinch of ground cinnamon 5p
  • ½ teaspoon chilli powder 10p
  • ½ teaspoon smoked paprika 10p
  • 2 cloves of garlic, finely chopped 7p
  • red & yellow pepper , roughly chopped 120p
  • black beans in water, drained 75p
  • 1 tablespoon tomato purée 10p
  • 100 ml vegetable stock 11p
  • 1 x 400 g tin of tomatoes 30p
  • 1 tablespoon balsamic vinegar 15p

Total: £3.23 / 81p per portion

Method

Black bean chilli

  1. Heat the oil in a heavy based saucepan. Add the onion and fry gently for a few minutes until soft. Stir in the spices and continue cooking for a few more minutes.
  2. Add the peppers, stir well, cover and cook for another couple of minutes.
  3. Stir in the tomato puree until everything is coated, then add the tomatoes, stock and balsamic vinegar. Mix well.
  4. Stir in the black beans and simmer the whole thing for about 20 minutes.

Serve with rice and a green vegetable such as broccoli.

Gooseberry and Elderflower Jam

A change from the usual things we cook here but I'd like to encourage you to make your own jam - like the recipes I've given before it's not difficult to do and means you can make flavours you can't usually buy in the shops and make use of fruit when it's in season and cheap.

Elder bush, source of elderflowers and elderberriesElderflowersI'm also a big fan of using things that are free so for this recipe I've used gooseberries from my garden and elderflowers which grow in hedges and woods at this time of year. Elderflowers have a lovely strong scent. If you are not confident about picking the elderflowers just use gooseberries. Gooseberries are a good choice for your first jam as they make a nice firm jam.

From beginning to end, this recipe takes about an hour including the washing up!

The gooseberries and elderflowers were free, the sugar cost 75p for 1 kg and the recipe made 6 jars of jam. That makes them 12.5p per jar although there will be a small cost for the energy to cook the jam.

This recipe is from one of my favourite books - River Cottage Handbook No. 2 Preserves by Pam Corbin. There are many types of jam recipes in the book.

Makes 5-6 x 340g jars

You will need a large saucepan and 6 empty and clean jam jars with lids, some wax discs and labels for the jars.

Jam jars, lids and wax disksJam pan, ladle, funnel and spatula

Before you begin:

  • place a small plate or saucer in the fridge
  • prepare your jam jars by washing in very hot water or putting through the dishwasher even if they are already clean
  • dry and sterilise the jam jars by putting them in an oven on about 100 degrees C while the jam is cooking
  • boil the lids for the jars in a pan of boiling water for 10 minutes. The lids can be dried in the oven along with the jars

Gooseberry and Elderflower jam ingredients

Ingredients

  • 1 kg gooseberries
  • Around 8 heads of elderflower
  • 500 ml water
  • 1 kg granulated sugar

Method

  1. Trim the stalk and tail from the gooseberries and put into a large saucepan with the water.
  2. Check the elderflower heads for any insects and then place on top of the gooseberries in the pan.
  3. Cook gently until the berries are soft but still hold their shape.
  4. Remove the elderflowers and discard in your compost bin.
  5. Add the sugar, stirring gently to avoid breaking up the fruit, until the sugar has dissolved.
  6. Turn up the heat to high and bring to the boil. Continue to boil for at least 10 minutes (this is called a rolling boil) without stirring, mine took 14 minutes so be patient. Boiling will cause what looks like scum to form around the end of the pan. This is just foam caused by air in the bubbles.
  7. After 12-14 minutes, remove the saucer or plate from the fridge and with a spatula, drop a little jam onto the plate. Wait 1 minute and then push the blob of jam with your finger. If the jam wrinkles as you push it then the jam has reached 'setting point'. If it doesn't wrinkle, leave the jam to boil for another 2 minutes and then try again.
  8. Once the jam on the plate wrinkles, remove the pan from the heat and leave to stand for 10 minutes.
  9. You may want to skim the foam from the sides of the pan before filling the jars.
  10. Remove your clean jam jars from the oven and using a funnel and ladle, fill the jars.
  11. Cover the contents of each jar with a wax disc if you have then and screw on the lid.
  12. Once the jars are cool, label the jars.

Gooseberry and elderflower jam

Use the jam within 12 months.

The Cost of Home Cooking

Moved to Cookery Thoughts: The Cost of Home Cooking

Veggie Bolognese

Veggie Bolognese with goats cheeseThis is another good recipe to use up veg in the fridge – parsnips, broccoli, pepper, courgettes can all be added if you have some that need using up.

To make this a healthier meal, swap white spaghetti with wholewheat spaghetti - I think it tastes better and is more filling.

The protein part of this meal comes from lentils. If you don't like or have lentils, replace them with vege mince as I did. If you use vege mince, reduce the amount of stock to about 150 ml and reduce the cooking time to 20 minutes.

Ingredients

Bolognese ingredients

  • 1 tablespoon olive oil
  • 1 onion
  • 2 cloves of garlic
  • 1 carrot
  • 1 stick celery
  • A few mushrooms
  • 2 bay leaves (if you have)
  • ½ a bunch of fresh thyme or oregano or 2 teaspoons dried mixed herbs
  • 75 g dried Puy lentils/can of green lentils or vegemince
  • 2 tablespoons tomato purée
  • 400 ml vegetable stock
  • 1 x 400 g tin of tomatoes
  • 1 tablespoon soy sauce (if you have it)
  • 150 g wholewheat spaghetti
  • cheese (optional)

Method

Bolognese sauce

  1. Chop the onion, carrot and celery into small pieces, crush or chop the garlic cloves.
  2. Gently fry the onion, carrots, celery and mushrooms and cook for 10 minutes, add garlic towards end.
  3. Stir in the tomatoes, tomato puree, stock, soy sauce and lentils/vegemince and the herbs/bay leaf.
  4. Bring to the boil, cover and simmer for 40 minutes or until the lentils are soft. Add extra water if the mixture dries out.
  5. Season the sauce with salt and pepper and remove the bay leaf.
  6. After 30 minutes start cooking the pasta. Boil water in the kettle then pour into a large pan. Put on a high heat until the water is boiling. Add the spaghetti and put a timer on (it usually takes around 12 minutes to cook – check the packet). It is done when soft but with a little bit of ‘bite’. Drain in a colander.
  7. Grate parmesan or cheddar cheese on top to serve (I used goats cheese).

This sauce can also be used as the base of a cottage pie. Instead of cooking spaghetti, transfer the sauce to a casserole dish and top with mashed potato and heat in the oven for 25 minutes or until the potato starts to turn golden.

Coleslaw

Coleslaw is surprisingly easy to make and perfect to have alongside burgers, especially if you are able to make the most of the warmer weather by having a BBQ.

Coleslaw ingredientsThis recipe is healthier than the shop bought ones as the dressing is made with a mix of yoghurt and mayonnaise and by making it yourself you can add extra ingredients that you like.

Ingredients

  • ½ cabbage, (white, green or red) shredded
  • 2 carrots, scrubbed and grated
  • 1 red onion or 4 spring onions, finely sliced
  • 2 tablespoon mayonnaise
  • 2 tablespoon plain yoghurt
  • Seasoning to taste

Method

Coleslaw

  1. Place the vegetables in a large serving bowl.
  2. Make a dressing by mixing the yoghurt and mayonnaise together.
  3. Toss the slaw with the dressing and season to taste with salt and black pepper.

For additional colour and taste I often add:

  • 1 apple, peeled and grated
  • 1 stalk celery, finely chopped
  • Small handful of walnuts, broken into pieces

but you could also add grated cheese, raisins or sultanas.

Serve on the side at a BBQ, alongside pizzas, in sandwiches, etc.

If you fancy having a go at making your own veggie burgers, I will post a recipe here soon.

Vegetable Pasties

Here's an easy recipe to make your own healthy and tasty pasties with whatever veg you have available. Mine are never going to win a beauty contest but they taste delicious!Pasty ingredients

If you haven't made pastry before, give it a go. If you are finding it difficult to buy flour at the moment you can use ready made pastry, found in the chiller cabinet in the supermarket. Shortcrust pastry is traditionally used for pasties.

Pastry Ingredients

  • 250g plain flour
  • A pinch of salt
  • 125g chilled butter, cut into small cubes
  • About 80ml cold milk or water

Pastry Method

The secret to good pastry is cold ingredients (and hands!) and NOT over working the dough – only handle it enough to just bring together.

  1. Put the flour and salt in a medium size bowl.
  2. Add the butter and rub in with your fingertips, until the mixture looks like fine bread crumbs.
  3. Mix in the milk, a little at the time, until the pastry just comes together, then turn onto a work surface and bring it quickly into a ball – do not knead!
  4. Wrap and chill for at least 30 minutes in the fridge while you prepare the filling.

Filling Ingredients

Pasty open with filling

  • 2 spring onions or 1 small onion, finely chopped
  • 1 tablespoon olive oil
  • Mixture of vegetables, peeled and diced into 1 cm cubes: root vegetables work particularly well - carrots, potatoes, beetroot, parsnips, swede but also peas, beans, etc
  • Small handful of green leafy veg like kale or spinach, shredded
  • 50 - 75 g cheese - strong cheddar, grated or goats cheese or feta cut into cubes
  • Herbs: thyme or oregano are nice
  • Cannellini or other beans (optional but add protein to the pasties)
  • Salt and pepper to season

Filling Method

Pasties ready for baking

  1. Heat oven to 180C/160C fan/gas 4.
  2. Line a baking tray with baking parchment.
  3. Mix the filling ingredients in a bowl.
  4. Roll out the pastry on a floured surface, cut the pastry into 6 pieces. Roll out each into a circle. If you like things neat you can use an upturned saucer to cut around to get a perfect circle. You want the pastry to be about 2 - 3 mm thick (about as thick as a pound coin)
  5. Divide the filling between the circles.
  6. Wet the edges of the circle with water. Bring the edges up to meet each other, and press together to make a fluted edge. Keep going till you have used everything up.
  7. Place the pastries on a baking tray and brush with a little milk.
  8. Make a hole in the top of each with a small sharp knife
  9. Bake for about 35 minutes or until golden brown.

Baked pasties

These can be eaten hot or cold. If you save some for the next day you can warm them up in the oven for 20 minutes or so until piping hot. They also freeze well – you can cook then from frozen but add another 10 minutes or so to the cooking time.

You can invent your own fillings – just use what you have to hand. Cooked bacon adds a good flavour or try carrot, onion and cheddar cheese or chicken, leek & mushroom.

Recipe Scrapbook

Moved to Cookery Thoughts: Recipe Scrapbook

Beetroot and Butter Bean Dip

Here's a really easy recipe I found in a magazine in my pharmacy.Beetroot and butter bean dip with carrots and peppers

Ingredients

  • 1 x 400g tin of butter beans, drained and rinsed
  • 1 small ready cooked beetroot (vinegar free)
  • 1 tsp ground cumin
  • 1 tbsp olive oil
  • 1 tbsp lemon juice
  • 1 garlic clove, finely chopped
  • pinch of fine sea salt

Blend all the ingredients together in a food processor

Delicious served with a selection of chopped or sliced fresh veggies such as carrots, peppers, cucumber, olives and crispbreads, bread or breadsticks for a healthy lunch. Alternatively, use in sandwiches or as a jacket potato filling.

Storecupboard meals

Moved to Cookery Thoughts: Storecupboard Meals

Lentil Dahl

Here's my tried and tested lentil dahl recipe which will serve 4 people. It's another flexible recipe so you can use whatever you have. I often add extra vegetables if they need using up so when I made this recently I added a chopped sweet potato and chard from the garden.

Ingredients

Ingredients for lentil dahl

  • 1 tbsp vegetable oil
  • 1 onion, finely chopped
  • 2 cloves of garlic, finely chopped
  • 2 small carrots, finely diced
  • Handful of kale, spinach or chard, shredded.
  • 2 cm piece of fresh ginger, peeled and finely diced
  • 2 tsp cumin seeds
  • 2 tsp mustard seeds
  • 1 tsp ground turmeric
  • 2 tsp garam masala
  • 1 tsp chilli powder
  • 200g split red lentils
  • 400ml can of coconut milk
  • 400ml stock
  • 4 fresh tomatoes, chopped or 400ml can of chopped tomatoes J
  • Juice of 1/2 lime (I buy lime juice in a bottle rather than fresh limes which don't keep as long)
  • 2 tbsp fresh coriander, roughly chopped
  • salt and black pepper

Method

Lentil dahl

  1. Heat the oil in a large saucepan and fry the onion for 8 minutes until softened.
  2. Add the garlic, carrot, ginger, cumin and mustard seeds.
  3. Cook for 5 minutes, stirring, until the carrot begins to soften.
  4. Stir in the ground spices and cook for 1 minute.
  5. Add the lentils, coconut milk, tomatoes and stock, stir well.
  6. Bring to the boil, then reduce the heat and simmer, covered, for about 25 minutes, stirring occasionally to prevent the lentils sticking.
  7. Add the shredded greens and simmer for a further 10 minutes.
  8. Add 1-2 tablespoons of lime juice and half the coriander, season to taste and cook for another 5 minutes.
  9. Serve sprinkled with the remaining coriander.

Serve with rice or naan and a green vegetable like broccoli. I often serve with roasted cauliflower - I find that roasting vegetables is a great way of getting fussy eaters to eat veggies.

Roast Cauliflower

The recipe works with most vegetables but broccoli, carrots, and even sprouts roast really well and you can of course roast a mix of vegetables.Roasted cauliflower

Ingredients

  • 3 tbspn vegetable oil
  • 1 cauliflower, trimmed and chopped into medium chunks
  • lemon juice
  • 1/2 tsp paprika or chilli powder
  • salt and pepper

Method

  1. Preheat the oven to 200 degrees C
  2. Cut and rinse the cauliflower, leaving some water clinging to the florets
  3. Put them in a large roasting tin
  4. Trickle over the oil and 2 tablespoons of lemon juice
  5. Sprinkle over the paprika or chilli powder
  6. Season with salt and pepper
  7. Toss the mixture to coat in the oil and lemon juice
  8. Roast for 25-30 minutes, turning over half way.
  9. When ready, sprinkle over another tablespoon of lemon juice and serve

Herbs

Moved to Cookery Thoughts: Herbs

Focaccia Bread

As promised, here is another really easy recipe that uses yeast to make a delicious bread to go with soup. It makes use of fresh herbs which always have a better flavour but dried will work too if you don't have any fresh herbs handy.

Ingredients for focaccia bread

Ingredients

  • 100 ml olive oil
  • 2 garlic cloves, crushed and finely chopped
  • 1 tablespoon chopped fresh thyme or 1 teaspoon dried
  • 1 tablespoon chopped fresh rosemary or 1 teaspoon dried
  • ¼ teaspoon fresh ground black pepper
  • 200 ml warm water
  • 2¼ teaspoons active dry yeast
  • ¼ teaspoon honey
  • 315 grams plain flour
  • ½ teaspoon fine sea salt

Make Dough

Focaccia ready for baking

  1. In a frying pan, combine olive oil, garlic, thyme, rosemary, and the black pepper. Place the pan over low heat and cook, stirring occasionally, 5 to 10 minutes or until aromatic, but before the garlic browns. Set aside.
  2. In a large bowl, combine the warm water, yeast, and honey. Stir a few times then let sit for 5 minutes.
  3. Add 100g of the flour and a 60 ml of the infused garlic-olive oil mixture to the bowl with yeast and honey. Stir 3 to 4 times until the flour has moistened. Let sit for another 5 minutes.
  4. Stir in the remaining 215g of flour and the salt. When the dough comes together, transfer to a floured board and knead 10 to 15 times until smooth.
  5. Transfer the dough to a large oiled bowl, cover with a plate or tea towel and let rise for at least 1 hour, 2 hours is better. It’s best to let the dough rise in a warmer area of your kitchen.

Bake Bread

Focaccia baked

  1. After 1-2 hours, heat the oven to 200 deg C
  2. Use two tablespoons of the remaining garlic-olive oil mixture to oil a 9-inch by 13-inch rimmed baking sheet.
  3. Transfer the dough to the baking sheet then press it down into the pan. Use your fingers to dimple the dough then drizzle the top with the remaining 2 tablespoons of the garlic-olive oil mixture.
  4. Let the dough rise for 20 minutes until it puffs slightly.
  5. Bake until golden brown, 15 to 20 minutes.
  6. Cool the baked focaccia bread on a wire rack.

And if you have enjoyed making your own pizza dough and focaccia bread, the BBC website has lots of ideas on how to bake different bread based things here: How to make bread without yeast or bread flour

The Hungry Gap

Moved to Cookery Thoughts: The Hungry Gap

Rhubarb and Custard Cake

This is a lovely moist cake that makes the most of rhubarb when it is in season in spring.Rhubarb and Custard Cake

Ingredients

  • 200g rhubarb (roughly 3 sticks)
  • 50g sugar (demerara if you have it)
  • 3 eggs
  • 150g margarine
  • 150g caster sugar
  • 100g self-raising flour
  • 100g ground almonds (or use more flour if you don't have ground almonds)
  • 60g custard powder
  • ½ teaspoon almond essence (optional)
  • Icing sugar to finish

Method

  1. Preheat the oven to 180C/gas mark 4
  2. Line the base of a 20cm loose bottom round cake tin with baking parchment. Grease the sides.
  3. Place the rhubarb in a pan with the Demerara sugar. Cover and cook gently for 5-10 minutes, stirring every minute or so, until the rhubarb is just going soft – be careful - it is easy to overcook the fruit at this stage!
  4. Cream together the margarine and sugar until pale and fluffy.
  5. Continue to beat, adding the eggs one at a time along with a spoonful of flour.
  6. Fold in the flour, ground almonds if using and custard powder
  7. Loosely fold in the cooked rhubarb then spoon into the prepared tin
  8. Bake for approx. 45-50 minutes until slightly browned and firm to touch
  9. Leave in tin for 5-10mins, then turn out & leave to cool
  10. Once cool, dust with icing sugar then cut into slices to serve.

This is lovely just warm out of the oven served with custard. Stored in an airtight tin it will keep for a few days (if it lasts that long – in my house it never does!)

Meal Planning Tips

Moved to Cookery Thoughts: Meal Planning Tips

Minestrone Soup

Ingredients

Minstrone ingredients - kale, celery, carrots, onions, garlic,

  • 1-2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 1 onion, peeled and chopped
  • 1 carrot, diced
  • 2-3 cloves garlic, crushed or chopped finely
  • 400g fresh tomatoes, chopped or a 400g tin of tomatoes
  • around 500 - 750 ml chicken or vegetable stock
  • small handful of peas
  • 2-3 small potatoes or a small handful of pasta – small shapes work best
  • a handful of green leafy vegetable such as spinach, chard or kale, chopped
  • 400g tin of chickpeas or beans, drained and rinsed
  • 2-3 heaped teaspoons of pesto, to taste
  • A few parsley stalks if available, chopped finely
  • Optional - celery, fennel, courgette, borlotti or cannellini beans

Method

Minestrone Soup

  1. Heat the oil in a large pan over a medium heat for 1 -2 minutes
  2. Add the onions and carrots (and celery and fennel if using)
  3. Lower the heat and fry gently until the vegetables are nice and soft – about 5-10 minutes.
  4. Add the garlic and fry for 1 minute.
  5. Add the tomatoes and stock and cook for another 10 minutes or so (or longer if you have time at home).
  6. Add the peas, chickpeas/beans, pasta, green leafy vegetables and pesto.
  7. Simmer for a further 10-15 minutes – the pasta should be cooked. Add more stock if the soup is too thick at this point
  8. Add the chopped parsley, stir and serve.

This keeps well for 2-3 days in the fridge - if anything the flavour gets better!

This bowl of hearty soup has been made during the lock down by one of the cookery students from the last course. It looks delicious!

Lovely Leftovers: Bubble and Squeak

Bubble and SqueakLast night we had an easy meal of sausages and mash with carrots and peas from the freezer - no need for a recipe for that meal. When peeling potatoes I make sure I peel plenty for another meal at the same time. I also cooked extra vegetables too so today I am going to make my favourite version of a classic - bubble and squeak. Traditionally bubble and squeak is made from mashed potato and brussel sprouts or cabbage but you can use any leftover vegetables you have. It's a great dish to hide vegetables from fussy eaters!

Ingredients

  • 1 tablespoon vegetable oil
  • 1 onion, finely diced
  • 2 cloves of garlic, crushed and sliced
  • Leftover mashed potato
  • Leftover vegetables (about half vegetables to potato) I used peas and carrots and kale but go with whatever you have
  • 1 teaspoon medium curry powder
  • Salt and pepper

Method

  1. In a large frying pan heat the vegetable oil over a medium heat and add the onion.
  2. When the onion starts to soften and turn golden, add the garlic.
  3. Fry for 1-2 minutes.
  4. Add the curry powder and stir to coat the onion and garlic.
  5. Turn the heat up to high.
  6. Add the potatoes and vegetables to the pan and mix with the onion and garlic and salt and pepper until well mixed together.
  7. Press th